UROLOGY ENCYCLOPAEDIA

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K
 
Kidney stones
One of the most common problems, Kidney stones and gall bladder stones are painful. In a normal healthy person, impurities are flushed out as urine. But in some, it isn’t and forms crystals in the kidney, ureter or gall bladder. These crystals or calculi are the stones.
Klinefelter's syndrome
A chromosome abnormality that prevents normal male sexual development and causes irreversible infertility due to the presence of an extra female (X) chromosome. In some cases pregnancies may be achieved by the retrieval of sperm via biopsy of the testicles and fertilization of eggs by ICSI combined with IVF.

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