UROLOGY ENCYCLOPAEDIA

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P
 
Pelvic Adhesions
Scar tissue occurring in the abdominal cavity, fallopian tubes, or inside the uterus. Adhesions can interfere with the function of the fallopian tube, affecting transport of the egg. Scar tissue in the uterus can interfere with implantation of the embryo in the uterus. Adhesions may result from previous injuries, infections or endometriosis.
Pelvic cavity
The area of the abdomen surrounded by the pelvic bone that contains the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries in women, and the prostate gland and seminal vesicles in men.
Pituitary gland
The endocrine gland at the base of the brain that produces the gonadotropin luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone, which in turn stimulate the gonads to produce sex cells and hormones.
Polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD)
A condition found among women in which increased androgen production causes multiple small cysts to persist on the ovaries. There is an imbalance in the amount of LH and FSH released during the menstrual cycle, resulting in lack of ovulation.
Post-coital test (PCT)
Microscopic examination of a woman's cervical mucus at the fertile time of the cycle to determine the number and motility of sperm following intercourse. A highly controversial test due to lack of predictive value.
Pre term baby
A baby born before 37 weeks of gestation is termed as pre term baby. Those born before 32 weeks need special attention as their internal organs have not developed completely.
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)
A procedure done in conjunction with IVF that allows the selection and transfer of unaffected embryos and avoids the need for terminating an affected pregnancy after diagnosis at later stages of gestation.

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